On average, 6 people died of alcohol poisoning each day in the U.S from 2010 to 2012, according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) January 2015 Vital Signs Report. 76% of those who die from alcohol poisoning are men.
THE A-B-C-D-Es OF RECOGNIZING ALCOHOL OVERDOSE
AWAKE: Attempt to wake the person up. Call out their name, shake them, or pinch their skin. If they don’t respond, turn and keep the person on their side, so that they do not choke on their vomit.
- BREATHING: Check the person’s breathing. If there are fewer than eight full breaths in one minute or more than 10 seconds between and inhale and an exhale, their respiratory system is slowing down rapidly and they need immediate medical attention.
- CIRCULATION: Check the person’s pulse. If you cannot find a pulse on the wrist, it may be because the person was lying on their arm and to find a pulse you need to check their neck. Also check to see if skin is cold, clammy, or blue or grayish in color.
- DO NOT LEAVE THE PERSON ALONE, EVER! Keep them lying on their side so they do not choke on their vomit.
- Emergency Assistance: If you discover ANY of the above problems, stay with the person and have someone else call 911. Stay with the person until help arrives. Be prepared to give the emergency medical personnel as much information as possible, including any drugs or medications the person might have taken.
What NOT to do: Don’t just let them “sleep it off”! They may not wake up!!
About 50,000 people suffer from alcohol poisoning each year, and some die as a result.
OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, September 2012
One of the most dangerous causes of alcohol poisoning is binge drinking.
Mayo Clinic 2013
Teens and college students, most of whom are first-time or inexperienced drinkers, are the most likely to binge drink. 90% of all alcohol consumed by youth 12-20 years of age is in the form of binge drinking.
OJJDP Drinking in America: Myths, Realities, and Prevention Policy, 2005
Risks of Energy Drinks Mixed With Alcohol
Journal of the American Medical Association. 2013; 309(3):245-246
The health effects of energy drinks have received attention from researchers and policy makers because there is limited knowledge about differential effects of caffeine on children and adults and the interaction of caffeine and alcohol. Alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AMED) has become increasingly popular, especially among adolescents and college students. In surveys of college students, as many as 56% report mixing energy drinks with alcohol in the past month.